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Bowfishing in Ontario

I purchased a bowfishing kit earlier today from Bass Pro and took the first step towards getting my fishing license.

I will be posting more about this in the future - including possibly making a homemade South American style fishing arrow (think 6 feet long with a pronged tip). But for now I will stick to the store-bought bowfishing reel and arrows.

Canadian Toxophilite Society - Equipment and Bow Making Meeting

On this coming Tuesday (April 1st) there will be a meetup for people interested in bow making, archery, and archery equipment.

It will be a discussion and there will be no actual archery involved, but for people who are interested in bow making, who are new to archery, who want to buy their own archery equipment and don't know where to go shopping, this is a meeting you will want to attend.

Sign up by visiting Meetup.com and go to the following page:

The Canadian Toxophilite Society - Archery Equipment + Bow Making


Fox and Fiddle, 190 Laird Drive, Leaside, Toronto, ON
(Near the Home Depot in Leaside.)

Time / Day

11 AM on Tuesday April 1st
(I admit, not the best time of day, but if you are available feel free to sign up and attend.)

So what are you waiting for? Sign up on Meetup.com. :)

Vaccination Fears - Paranoia or Legitimate Worry?

One of the things I have learned over the years is that a number of people who are into "off the grid living" have a tendency to have unfounded superstitions about vaccinations against measles vaccinations, tetanus vaccinations, polio vaccinations, etc.

Measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B, etc.

Basically a long list of contagious diseases which can kill you, your child, and are actually pretty commonly spread infections that can be carried by people who are immune (because they were vaccinated) and can make other people sick.

The paranoia behind the people who refuse to have their kids vaccinated is because they are worried about the following things:

#1. Autism.

I find this one funny. You see children are BORN with autism. You cannot give them autism with a vaccination shot. There has never been a single recorded incident of anyone ever being "given" autism as the result of a vaccination. That would be like giving someone "down syndrome" by giving them a needle.

Of all the brain-dead conspiracy theories, this is the worst one that people cite when they say they don't want their kids to be vaccinated. I mean okay, if there was actual proof of children getting vaccinated and getting something, that would be different. But there is no proof whatsoever, just an urban myth with zilch for proof.

And apparently a lot of gullible people who think autism is somehow connected to their kids getting vaccinations.

#2. Government Control.

Seriously. There are people out there who see the government in the drinking water (oh no, chlorinated water!), spy satellites in the sky (which apparently are so horrible they cannot find plane wreckage in the Indian ocean), and think that vaccinations contain "mind control drugs" that will force people to conform and do what the government wants.

Well I have news for you. I drink chlorinated water and I have had all of my vaccination shots and I absolutely despise Prime Minister Stephen Harper. Trust me, there is no mind control drugs in the water or the vaccines. And if the government is spying on me with their crummy satellites, they are welcome to watch. All they will see apparently is blurry images that cannot be differentiated from ocean garbage.

#3. Allergic Reaction.

Now this is the only legitimate reason. Basically what happens is the family's older child had an allergic reaction when they had their vaccinations, and the parents decide that when they have a 2nd or 3rd child to skip getting the vaccine for their newest child. On the plus side, the allergic reaction is only temporary.

So there you go, two paranoid delusions and one legitimate worry.

I firmly believe that people who refuse to get their kids vaccinated have been drinking too much unfiltered ground water that has lead in it.

Lead Poisoning has the following symptoms:
  • Learning difficulties
  • Irritability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Sluggishness and fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Slowed growth
So if you were paying attention, lead poisoning makes you stupid. Not vaccines. Not chlorinated water. Lead poisoning. Learn the freaking difference.

But there is a very valid reason why your kids should be vaccinated. Because someday they will come in contact with someone carrying an infectious disease that your child should have been vaccinated against - and your child will get sick, and depending on the disease there will be a high or low change of death. 50/50 really.

So your choice. Be paranoid. Or be smart and protect your kids from diseases.

Repurposing Old Hardwood

Earlier today I was listening to CBC Radio and there was a man who had made a guitar out of old re-purposed wood. The radio show in question was really a gardening talk show with a guest expert, but the topic turned to repurposing wood again when a caller called in with an ancient 250+ year maple tree that had been taken down and he was looking for people who would be willing to make art pieces, furniture, etc out of the old maple wood.

As a bow maker I was instantly interested in the repurposing wood topic - and was already trying to get a turn on the radio show to ask a question about hardwoods and how long they should be dried before using them for woodworking projects.

I tried over a dozen times to call in. Kept getting the busy signal.

But the new caller got me thinking about how there must be other people out there who have old wood - especially hardwood - that can be repurposed for bow making and other woodworking projects.

So I went on craigslist and went looking for people giving away free wood (pun not intended) and I found someone trying to give away oak hardwood flooring from the 1930s.

The good thing about hardwood flooring is that it is already perfectly flat, planed smooth and for bow making you really just need to plane it a bit more, laminate several pieces together using Titebond III and you've got yourself something that would make a good bow.

And this is just the tip of the iceberg.

The truth is that people throw out old wood all the time. They don't know what to do with it all.

Especially after the Ice Storm that rocked Toronto in December 2013. Here it is March 2014, and people are still removing old branches and even tree trunks from their lawns. Every time I pass by piles of such wood I spot large tempting pieces of wood that I want to just grab and stick in my garage for later.

I would need to dry the wood out, work with it, but they have the potential to make an interesting bow. (Etsy has plenty of examples of bows people have made out of exotic or repurposed wood.)

So if you have wood you don't need, and you live in Toronto, feel free to donate it to me. Leave a comment with your contact info below and I will get back to you.

ProjectGridless.ca + Hunting Treehouses

I registered ProjectGridless.ca today. [March 21st 2014.]

The website recently surpassed 100 posts (see our 100th post) and I figured it was time to give it its own domain name instead of just projectgridless.blogspot.ca - which is okay for a free subdomain name but I wanted the site to finally have its own domain name.

In case this is your first time tuning into Project Gridless, the goal of this website is to explore off the grid architecture, energy production, DIY projects, gardening, hunting for food, survivalism, etc.

And sometimes just plain amusing images of what other people are doing.

Like these images of hunting treehouses wherein a hunter can sit and wait for a deer / etc to pass by. Obviously they are not designed for living in, they are designed purely as a more comfortable hunting perch.

Bowhunting Equipment Basics

So you want to become a bowhunter, but you are not sure what equipment you need.

Asides from your H2 Ontario Outdoors Card, hunting license and tags you will need the following:

#1. Bow

Preferably a bow that is 40 lbs or better if you want to hunt deer, 50 lbs or more if you want to hunt elk, moose, or black bear. It doesn't really matter whether it is a compound bow or a traditional hunting bow - what matters is whether you can draw it and shoot it accurately at 20 to 30 yards, and that you are doing sufficient damage with your 40+ lb bow to kill the animal quickly and efficiently. Legally you are required to use a minimum poundage required, depending on the animal you are hunting. If you are too weak to pull such a bow, then you legally cannot hunt with a bow.

Many "manly men" prefer to hunt with traditional bows because it is harder to aim and pull using a traditional bow, whereas using a compound bow feels like you are cheating by using all the extra gadgets - but those gadgets do ensure a cleaner kill for amateur bowhunters. Pros and cons to each side of the argument.

#2. Arrows with Broadheads

Broadheads do more damage and kill the animal faster - which is both more merciful, and more efficient for taking down game. It does not matter whether it is a fixed broadhead or mechanical broadhead. They both have their merits.

#3. A Treestand

This is the preferred way to catch deer unawares and get a good shot at them. Technically you don't need a treestand but it certainly gives you better footing if standing in a tree waiting for a deer to wander by below the tree you are hiding in. And quality footing means you should be able to get a good quality shot. Balancing on a tree limb might look interesting but it slows you down when you should be concentrating on getting a good shot.

#4. Rope

For climbing trees and other usages, like tying yourself to the tree so you don't fall out. Some hunters even buy harnesses for attaching themselves to the tree. (There is even sensory devices that autodial your next of kin if it senses you fell out of a tree and cannot get up... Sounds silly but these things happen.)

#5. Knife

This is for gutting and field dressing the deer after you kill it, to remove the offal. You have to remove it lest it spoil the meat. It will also make the deer easier to transport back to your vehicle if you field dress the deer before moving it.

#6. Litter

The litter is for carrying the dead deer back to your truck. If you are hunting with friends you could also tie rope around the deer's feet to a large branch and then carry the deer between two hunters. (Note, I said truck earlier because I don't recommend using a SUV, because then the smell of blood might bother people riding in your vehicle later.)

#7. A Butcher

You will need to find a butcher for butchering the meat of the deer you killed. That or learn to butcher it yourself. But you are really better off just hiring a butcher. They can also make saussages, smoke the meat, and even sell parts of the deer you don't want.

If you are not butchering the meat of the animals you kill, well then shame on you. Game meat is very tasty and you have no excuse to not be filling your freezer with venison, moose, elk, goose, duck, rabbit or even black bear meat.

#8. Assorted Archery Equipment

Bracer, finger gloves or tab, trigger release, quiver, dampeners, stabilizer. Some of these are mandatory, some are optional. Hunting stores make a pretty penny off selling a wide variety of these things to bowhunters, some of which you need and others that you don't really need at all but just look awesome.

#9. Bait or Decoy or Deer Scent

To draw the deer closer hunters sometimes use a variety of things to trick deer into getting closer to your hiding spot. All optional.

#10. Camouflage???

Optional. If you are hiding up in a tree it doesn't really matter because deer don't look up and their eyes are motion sensitive. Also deer are colour blind and see red/green as grey, so camouflage really is pretty meaningless.

My Longbow has a Bushy Mustache

My longbow is done drying from its Red Mahogany polyurethane application and so it is now time to add a traditional arrowrest to the arrow shelf of my bow.

When shooting off a shelf many archers prefer to pad the arrow shelf with a piece of fur or similar material so that it is softer on the arrow and fletching as it goes over the arrow rest.

Myself, I have opted for sheepskin - because it is what I have in the house, having previously used sheepskin on a different bow to make dampeners.

1. First I cut out a piece of sheepskin that is approx. the size of my arrow shelf.

2. Then I glue the back of the sheepskin and the surface of the arrow shelf.

3. Affix it to arrow rest. Hence my comment about my longbow having a bushy mustache.

4. Trim off the left side of the mustache, so it looks better.

5. Trim off the front and back of the arrow rest, so it looks even cleaner.

6. Sheepskin wool is rather thick so I will later go back and trim it down to 1 cm or less, but for now I am going to let the glue dry (I used Titebond III wood glue, so it should be dry in 12 hours or less).

After it is dry I will trim it down even more and post another photo up here of the finished product.

I am planning to be outside shooting this bow this weekend. I have already shot it in the garage, but I am hoping to shoot it a lot more (and further distances) when I practice with it this weekend.

UPDATE! All done!

100th Post of Project Gridless

This is my 100th post of Project Gridless.

As such I think I should point out some of the most popular posts during the past year, but also some of my favourites.


I have organized these by topic, and then by popularity (sorta).


How to find Off The Grid Homes - Pretty self explanatory, it is basically a short guide on how to search for off the grid real estate.

25 Examples of Off The Grid Homes - Mostly it is just photography, but it is some amazing examples of off the grid homes.

Awesome Treehouse - This is really more amusing than anything else. Living in a treehouse is an interesting idea but unrealistic for most of us.

The Treehouse Idea - A continuation of the above idea, but explained in more detail.

How to Buy, Design and Build your own Shipping Container Home - A detailed list of where to buy, what to do, and how to build your own home made out of shipping containers.

List of Cooling Systems for Off The Grid Living - Different cheap ways to cool your home in the summer.


PVC Longbows and Double Limbed Bows - Honestly, I don't really like PVC bows (I prefer wood), but the double limbed bows are certainly interesting.

Filling your Bug Out Bag - A good idea if you ever think you might need to get out of dodge in a hurry.


Going Vegan Off the Grid - A quick guide to gardening and growing enough food to survive as a Vegan using your garden to produce all or most of your own food.

Cooking Grouse, Wild Turkey and Water Fowl - A series of videos about how to cook various types of birds that you hunted and killed yourself.


These ones are not as popular, but I enjoyed writing / researching / doing them a lot more.

#1. Any and all of my posts about Bow Making. I just love making bows. That is easily the most enjoyable thing I have done since starting Project Gridless.

#2. My posts on making my own Homemade Crossbow. Again, very enjoyable. I definitely enjoy making longbows more, but the crossbows are a lot of fun too.

#3. I find all the videos and my research into Falconry to be quite fascinating. I would love to get into Falconry someday, but I doubt it will happen because it is such a huge commitment. I would be more likely to get into horses instead.

#4. How to Make a Shaving Horse - I really enjoyed this post. I guess it is just the DIY carpenter and woodworker inside me. I love carving things and having a Shaving Horse is on my list of things to get, even if I have to build one myself.

#5. Antler Thumb Ring for Archery - I am still working on making my thumb rings - they have taken a back seat to my current longbow - but I really enjoy carving antler despite the horrible smell.

Notes for the Future

I think I should do more posts on the following topics...

Gardening / Food Recipes - I don't think I have written enough on this topic.

Wilderness Activities - Things people can do for fun when live in the countryside / close to wilderness. Not just archery, which I love, or falconry, or horseback riding, which are also awesome. Just a long list of things people can do when they live in a region with no shortage of wilderness to explore.

Real estate / off the grid homes - Honestly, I already have a fair amount - and they are popular - but I feel I should be writing more on this topic because it is a major part of this website's purpose. True, six of the top ten posts are about off-the-grid homes, but I think I need to do more to talk about this.

One Dollar of Energy Conservation Equals $4 of Energy Production

Want to add electricity to your off the grid home?

Well here is a hot tip that will save you a lot of money. Find the most efficient way to use your electricity so that you conserve electricity as much as you can.

Basically what is at stake is the fact that (according to past studies by people exploring conservation of electricity) for every $1 you spend on conserving electricity (and heat / cooling) you can save roughly $3 to $5 (approx. $4) on energy production.

So for example if you spend $1,000 buying more efficient ways of heating, cooling, cooking, etc., then you will save approximately $3,000 to $5,000 on what it would cost to buy enough solar panels, wind turbines, etc in order to provide all the electricity you need for less efficient ways of cooking your food, refrigeration, air conditioning and heating.

That said yes, you can get a fair chunk of electricity from wind power...

And solar to complement the wind power...

And even hydro power, using a micro hydro turbine or water wheel.

If you have water near your off-the-grid home then water is a very good source of power that many people don't even explore the option of tapping into. You can build a micro dam, use a river's natural current and a water wheel, or even a generator that turns thanks to waves.

I even heard of one family that built their home over top of a stream, dammed it with a turbine, and then had the river flow through an artificial riverbed in their living room and exit the far side of the house in a waterfalls that turned an overshot water wheel. So they were getting electricity from the turbine, the water cooled their home like an air conditioner, and the water wheel on the far side was both attractive and provided additional electricity.

The stream froze up during the winter, but during the Spring, Summer and Fall they had most of the electricity they needed just from the stream. (A waterproof latch was closed on both entrance and exit during the winter and they would wash to artificial waterbed each winter.)

But to make any of this work that it provides enough electricity for your needs, having more energy efficient household items makes much more sense.

I for one believe in wood stoves strongly when it comes to heating and also cooking. Saves on both heating and cooking costs. The problem is that many people use their wood stoves just for heating and it never occurs to them they could use it for cooking too.

If you shop around however you can find wood stoves that you can cook on. And they are well worth the investment in my opinion.

Heating your home with wood is fairly cheap, but it also can be improved by getting a more energy efficient wood stove that allows you to get more heat out of it.

The problem with wood stoves is that a lot of the heat is lost through the chimney. As such I strongly recommend reading independent energy efficiency reviews on your wood stove before purchasing. If you can get a more energy efficient wood stove you will not regret having something that heats your home cheaply and efficiently. (Note that this is not the same as the fine particle emissions rating, that is something completely different.)

Building your own Underground Greenhouse

For #300 you can rent a backhoe, dig a hole in the ground, buy some old bricks, wood and plastic - and then build your own Underground Greenhouse for very little actual money.

Whether you build it in a desert or in a forest clearing, an Underground Greenhouse can be used to grow vegetables most of the year... thanks to much of the structure being below the frost level and protected from the elements.

In a more northern climate you can extend your growing season and protect your plants from animals that might eat your veggies.

In a desert environment you can more easily control how much light your plants get, control the water levels inside the greenhouse, and get higher yields than simply planting outside and hoping the plants survive the blistering heat.

Plus the structure protects plants from wind erosion, so they are not robbed of water or nutrients.

The structures were first developed in South America during the 1980s and 1990s, and have since become quite successful because they are both cheap to build and efficient for growing.

Over time you can also add waterproofing, drainage and ventilation - but the end result is a cheap and cost effective greenhouse that is perfect for growing vegetables.

8 Real Estate Websites that Specialize in Off The Grid Homes

#1. EcoProperty.ca / http://www.ecoproperty.ca/

Eco Property sells a variety of properties for people looking for off the grid homes. "Unique listings of ecological and organic homes, property, farms and ecovillages – for sale, for rent or to share ... also land trusts, land-based projects and opportunities. Urban or rural."

#2. Yakaz.com / http://ca.yakaz.com/housing/off-grid-real-estate-ontario

A real estate listing website where you can browse off the grid homes and properties.

#3. Ontario Kijiji / http://ontario.kijiji.ca/r/real-estate/off-grid-cabin?CatId=34

A classifieds website with a category just for off the grid homes.

#4. Julie Kinnear / http://juliekinnear.com/blogs/off-the-grid-homes-infographic

A Toronto real estate agent who sometimes deals with off the grid properties. (Also helpful if you want to sell your off the grid property in Ontario.)

#5. Cottage Life / http://cottagelife.com/67589/realestate/on-grid-or-off

A magazine about cottage country that regularly deals with off the grid cottages.

#6. Provit / http://property.trovit.ca/off-grid-ontario

Another real estate listing website where you can browse off the grid homes and properties.

#7. Land Watch, Ontario / http://www.landwatch.com/Canada_land_for_sale/Ontario

A website that deals primarily in vacant land real estate, for Ontario and other provinces too.

#8. Cheap land websites...

This isn't a specific website. There is actually a lot of these cheap land websites, often dealing in tiny parcels of undeveloped land that are priced between $5,000 and $50,000. These are my favourites to browse because they give you an idea of what is available in the middle of nowhere, and are available for almost nothing.

A lot of these parcels of land don't have road access and can only be reached via a SUV, 4-wheeler or ATV - or snowmobile during the winter. A few of them however might have summer or even all year road access, and thus have more potential.

Building on a property that has no road access is very tricky. It basically means you have to build it yourself because you can't get a dozen men in there with trucks full of tools, lumber, etc. You would be better off getting a chainsaw, your chainsaw license, and learning how to build a log cabin.

Ontario Bowhunting Weight, Size and Arrowhead Regulations

The following bowhunting regulations only apply in Ontario. Check your local regulations for the state or province you are in.

Bows must have a draw weight of at least 22 kilograms (48.5 lb.) at draw length of 700 mm (27.6 in.) or less. Arrows must be at least 600 mm (23.6 in.) long and have at a minimum a 22 mm (0.87 in.) wide head with at least two sharp cutting edges.

Bows must have a draw weight of at least 18 kilograms (39.7 lb.) at a draw length of 700 mm ( 27.6 in.) or less. Arrows must be at least 600 mm (23.6 in.) long and have at a minimum a 22 mm (0.87 in.) wide head with at least two sharp cutting edges.

Crossbows must have a draw length of at least 300 mm (11.8 in.) and a draw weight of at least 54 kilograms (119 lb.). At a minimum bolts must have a 22 mm (0.87 in.) wide head with at least two sharp cutting edges.

Crossbows must have a draw length of at least 300 mm (11.8 in.) and a draw weight of at least 45 kilograms (99.2 lb.). At a minimum bolts must have a 22 mm (0.87 in.) wide head with at least two sharp cutting edges.

Note - Arrowheads may be straight or serrated. There used to be a regulation against serrated arrowheads in Ontario, but that has since been removed. Serrated arrowheads do more damage upon entering and kill an animal faster, making the kill more merciful.

Note also that there is no regulation prohibiting what materials arrowheads can be made out of. This means traditional bone, horn, flint and stone arrowheads could also be used.

Good Woods for Bows and Bow Making

Note, I am only listing those woods commonly available in Canada and including a few imported woods that can be purchased.

The higher quality woods can make high poundage longbows. The lower quality woods can still make good bows, but you will need tomake the bow wider, longer and a lower poundage. Bamboo, rawhide or sinew backing can also make a bow stronger and more durable. You can also make a bow stronger by gluing different woods together in laminates - although the wood on the belly of the bow should be good for compression (sapwood is better for compression than heartwood).


Bamboo (good compression)
Cherry (good compression)
Yew (good compression)


Black Ash
Douglas Fir
Eastern Redcedar



How to survive the Apocalypse in Ontario

There are lots of websites out there with advice on how to survive the Apocalypse (should such an event ever happen, which is doubtful).

Yes, okay. Zombies and alien invasion are probably not going to happen. Or a demon invasion either for the super religious, but they are amusing to think about.

What is far more likely is nuclear war, a deadly flu pandemic, or a large meteor or comet striking the Earth. That sort of thing.

Or even just old fashioned global warming causing a shortage of food and global conflict.

So just for fun lets go down the list of things you would need to survive a generic apocalyptic disaster (assuming it is not zombies or something equally silly). So instead let us assume the following worst-case scenario that seems a bit more realistic.

Climate change has caused a global food shortage and tensions are high. Then a flu pandemic hits and amid the high tensions countries hit the nuclear panic button. So you have a shortage of food, there is a rapidly spreading disease, and nuclear fallout all to deal with.


#1. An Evacuation Plan

Getting out of the cities like Toronto, Hamilton, etc and heading to a place that has food, is germ free and is radiation free will be on the top of your priority list. If you are smart you might have moved to the countryside BEFORE the pandemic or nuclear missiles hit. If you are still in a city when the pandemic or nukes hit, your chances of survival drop dramatically.

Your plan should be to get out of the city ASAP while simultaneously avoiding as many people as you can. Boat, plane or helicopter would be ideal so you can travel quickly. If such modes of transportation are not available your next best option is car, but if the roads are clogged that might not be a viable solution - plus carjackings would be rampant.

As such one of the fastest ways out of crowded city during "apocalypse rush hour traffic" is to switch to available bicycle trails or alternatively just walking out of the city on foot by following the railway tracks. Bicycle trails and train railway tracks should be relatively deserted so that reduces your chances of infection, and while a bicycle trail might meander it should take you to edges of the city faster than mere walking. Railway tracks on foot may not be terribly fast, but railway lines travel in fairly straight lines so you should at least be getting away from the city core in a hurry. Plus unlike roads, the train tracks won't be clogged with cars.

#2. Stay Fit

Because lets face it, if you are the slowest person you are more likely to get killed thanks to "survival of the fittest". As such regular exercise, both weight lifting and cardio, would be a huge benefit. You want to be a mixture of fast and strong, so overall fitness will boost your chances of survival dramatically.

#3. Surviving the Immediate Aftermath

Honestly this is a no brainer. Assuming you did not get infected or killed in the nuclear blast, your primary goals here will be to avoid human contact, protect yourself from radiation exposure / nuclear fallout, and get the heck out of dodge.

As such drinking water will need to be sterilized, food may be contaminated, nuclear ash clouds will drop radioactive ash on everything in their path. Being cautious about everything you eat, drink and breathe will be a necessity - as well as simple skin exposure to radioactive ash.

My best advice to give here is to cover up completely, including your face, and get out of the fallout zone ASAP. Once you get out of the fallout zone then you will need to burn all your clothes, find new clothes, ditch any food or water you were carrying, find new non-contaminated food and water, clean yourself off with an abundance of water, and then continue to put distance between yourself and the nuclear fallout.

#4. Secure Food and Safety

Once out in the countryside / wilderness you will need to start thinking food and shelter. Preferably someplace permanent and defensible which you will have access to food, water and safety. If you are carrying a weapon, good, but weapons will only protect you while you are awake. Isolation is your best defense from people who might seek to take what you have, or might be carrying the deadly flu pandemic.

Finding a place that is isolated, has access to agricultural foods and also wild game for hunting will be tricky. But not impossible. I recommend looking for farmland that is close to wooded swamps. Why? Nobody wants to live near a swamp and the swamp should prevent too many people from wandering into your territory. If there are woods nearby, that means wild game. A swamp will also likely have a river nearby, which means water (which you will need to filter and boil before drinking).

Ideally the farm you pick should have a well, and might even have an old style pump. Old Mennonite farms would be a good choice.

In Ontario there are several locations I strongly recommend:

- Northern or North-Eastern Ontario. Lots of woods and swamp land, a fair amount of agricultural land.
- The region north of Kitchener, especially places that are more swampy and isolated.
- Northern Quebec, across the Ontario-Quebec border.

South-Western Ontario will be clogged with Americans who fled across the border

#5. Build Defenses

Once you have found a good place start defending it. Build booby traps large enough to kill both deer or men, and make a habit of checking them regularly.

Don't live in a big obvious house on a hill. If anything you should try to disguise the house / camouflage it somehow to avoid detection.

Fences. Wood fences, barricades, barbed wire fences, whatever you have available.

Use any corpses you find as scarecrows to scare away trespassers. Not the nicest thing to do, but if it works it works.

#6. Winter is Coming

Start storing up food, water, preserving your food, salting it, etc. You should be storing up medical supplies, fire wood, cleaning chemicals, clothing, weapons, ammunition, and learning how to use non-firearms weapons like crossbows or bows. For accuracy and ease of learning, get a crossbow. For speed, learn to shoot a bow quickly and accurately.

A nuclear winter is a very real possibility and it could last a year or more. This will make food shortages even more dire. There is even the possibility that a nuclear war / sudden shortage of people creating greenhouse gases could kickstart a new ice age. Something to think about.

As such a smart thing to do will be to visit every nearby uninhabited structure and loot it for food, supplies, weapons and then stockpile those items in secret caches near your home. Don't advertise the fact you are doing this either. Keep your supplies secret and hidden.

#7. Time to Reboot Society

After the nuclear fallout has been lessened and the flu pandemic subsides (assuming it does), it will be time to start rebuilding society.

You won't be able to live in complete isolation forever. Your best options in the early stage will be to trade / barter items with other people, setting up local farming communities where people can share food, weapons, medical knowledge, etc.

Overtime education and trade will start to take precedence over survival instincts and paranoia, people will start socializing more and society will be able to start returning to the way it once was.

Returning to the old cities will be out of the question (too much radiation for generations), and much of what was there will be looted in the early stages by anyone who was foolish enough to enter and later died.

#8. Further Setbacks

The biggest dangers will be after societies start to rebuild and still have access to nuclear weapons, despite the dramatically lowered global population. Starting new conflicts over old feuds and territorial disputes will cause further setbacks to the rebuilding of civilization.

As such the chances for ground war / additional nuclear confrontations could be quite high during the recovery period. But with a little understanding and cooperation (and the realization that there is lots of space to go around) civilization should be able to have a successful reboot.

Assorted Paper Archery Targets

Print them out and use them on your archery targets. Huzzah!

The theme below is mostly animal targets like ducks, rabbits, racoons, crows - but I also threw in Jeoffrey Baratheon from the TV show "Game of Thrones" just for fun.

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Sign up for archery lessons in Toronto by visiting CardioTrek.ca

Learn more about archery in Toronto by visiting the Toronto Public Archery Range Facebook page
or by joining the Canadian Toxophilite Society.

Compound Bow Repairs

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